Mount of Fire, a famous name given Nablus by rebels, in recognition to its defensive role against occupation and the big sacrifice made by its citizens throughout the Palestinian past history. During the second Intifada “Uprising” out broke end of 2000 led to a continuous Israeli invasions to the West Bank cities in April 2002, Nablus massively struggled through many martyrs and prisoners who rated 27% of total number of those in the West Bank.
Other means of oppression, the Israeli forces meant to suffocate the city, imposed a very strict siege extended for eight years, of which have had sever negative impact on all aspects of citizens’ daily lives. Such closure caused a total collapse in commercial and economic activities, and led to a compelling tangible cutbacks in several industrial and economic utilities, part of which fall down to a complete closure.
As stipulated by Oslo Accords signed between Palestinians and Israel in 1993, it was assumed that, within the transitional period extended from 1993-1998, a full sovereignty on Palestinian territories should be transferred to the Palestinian National Authority. However, Israel proceeded with practicing brutal measures including killing of people, expanding settlements, houses’ demolish, vandalism, and bombardment against land and people at a time. Further, Israel divided Nablus district lands, as other Palestinian districts, into three zones: A, B, and C of which zone A of Nablus district represents Nablus city with 1.5% of total district lands, while zone B represents 20.5% of total district land and it includes all towns and villages of Nablus district. As for zone C which represents 78% of total Nablus district lands, it includes all agricultural and mountain lands that Israel has designated for building settlements and military bases for the Israeli army and enabled full sovereignty of Israel on civil and security affairs of the area. Thousands of land hectares owned by Palestinians were confiscated by force for building Israeli settlements which are inhibited by 12,000 Israeli settlers. Existing of these colonies within Palestinian territories forms a direct threat on citizens’ lives, crops and their private properties as a result of daily friction and continuous harassment by settlers. This is clearly demonstrated during the olives’ harvest season that witnesses massive land and harvest confiscation, in addition to olive trees uprooting, while hindering Palestinians from reaching their lands.
Nablus (Shekem) was known as a prominent and prosperous commercial center even during the Canaanites era in 2500 BC. Today, and after more than twenty centuries past since it was ruled by the Roman Emperors, Nablus is considered one of the basic pillars for Palestinian economy, due to the diversity of goods and commodities produced by hundreds of factories and crafts workshops based in the city, of which exported to both national and international destinations.
Al-Naser mosque Jacob’s Well Church .The Samaritan minority in Nablus counts the least population of 345 people, and they only lives in Nablus with similar community of 400 living in Holon-Tel Aviv. Samaritans believe that the summit of Mount Jerzim, where they are settled, is the most holy place on earth, on which the Samaritans’ temple exists. This forms the core difference between their beliefs and that of other Jewish religion followers.As for the hristians’ followers whose population counts 750 people, they mostly live in Rafidia area and belong to six churches managed by different Christian communities. The Jacobs’ church in the east part of the city regarded as one of the major Christian and holy landmarks at the both local and global levels. Samaritan Festival of Huts
Many researches, historical and religious resources referred to Nablus or (Shekem) as an important holy place, due to its contribution in a number of important historical events, such as the story of Jesus Christ with the Samaritan women at Jacob’s Well. This is a true evidence that the city enjoys a prominent and important status at both religious and historical levels.
Accordingly, such status of Nablus manifested itself in its social network and the reality of life where three religions’ followers; Moslems, Christians, and Samaritans, are peacefully co-existing, living in cohesion since hundreds of years, demonstrating a very unique case that rarely exists elsewhere. The three religions’ followers are very aware and sensitive to their responsibilities towards their city, working homogeneously for the cause of different issues of concern to their city and local citizens.
Located within the Mediterranean region, Nablus enjoys a moderate climate with average maximum temperature reaches 13.1 centigrade during the coldest month (January), while the minimum temperature reads 6.2 centigrade. As for the month of August, the average maximum temperature reaches 29,4 centigrade, while the minimum reaches 19,5 centigrade. North west is the dominant wind with average speed of 10 km/hr, while humidity average reaches 61%.